shrub

Dwarf Artic Birch

Betula nana

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Dwarf Artic Birch (Betula nana) at Green Haven Garden Centre

Dwarf Artic Birch

Dwarf Artic Birch

(Photo courtesy of NetPS Plant Finder)

Dwarf Artic Birch (Betula nana) at Green Haven Garden Centre

Dwarf Artic Birch in fall

Dwarf Artic Birch in fall

(Photo courtesy of NetPS Plant Finder)

Dwarf Artic Birch (Betula nana) at Green Haven Garden Centre

Dwarf Artic Birch foliage

Dwarf Artic Birch foliage

(Photo courtesy of NetPS Plant Finder)

Height:  24 inches

Spread:  24 inches

Sunlight:  full sun 

Hardiness Zone:  2

Other Names:  Betula glandulosa

Description:

Unlike most birches, this is a small naturally dwarf shrub with a compact, rounded habit and reasonably fine-textured foliage; extremely hardy and adaptable, does very well in wet sites; a good utility shrub for garden detail, impressive in groupings

Ornamental Features

Dwarf Artic Birch has dark green foliage throughout the season. The pointy leaves do not develop any appreciable fall colour. Neither the flowers nor the fruit are ornamentally significant.

Landscape Attributes

Dwarf Artic Birch is a multi-stemmed deciduous shrub with a more or less rounded form. Its relatively fine texture sets it apart from other landscape plants with less refined foliage.

This is a relatively low maintenance shrub, and should only be pruned in summer after the leaves have fully developed, as it may 'bleed' sap if pruned in late winter or early spring. It has no significant negative characteristics.

Dwarf Artic Birch is recommended for the following landscape applications;

  • Mass Planting
  • General Garden Use
  • Naturalizing And Woodland Gardens

Planting & Growing

Dwarf Artic Birch will grow to be about 24 inches tall at maturity, with a spread of 24 inches. It tends to fill out right to the ground and therefore doesn't necessarily require facer plants in front. It grows at a slow rate, and under ideal conditions can be expected to live for 60 years or more.

This shrub should only be grown in full sunlight. It prefers to grow in moist to wet soil, and will even tolerate some standing water. It is not particular as to soil type or pH. It is highly tolerant of urban pollution and will even thrive in inner city environments. This species is native to parts of North America.

 
 
Hardiness Zone Plant Height Minimum Sunlight
Characteristics
Massing  Garden  Naturalizing 
Applications
Ornamental Features