annual

Garden Balsam

Impatiens balsamina

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Garden Balsam (Impatiens balsamina) at Green Haven Garden Centre

Garden Balsam flowers

Garden Balsam flowers

(Photo courtesy of NetPS Plant Finder)

Height:  30 inches

Spacing:  16 inches

Sunlight:  full sun  partial shade 

Hardiness Zone:  (annual)

Other Names:  Touch-Me-Not, Garden Jewelweed, Rose Balsam

Description:

Easily grown in moist, organically rich, well drained soil; flower color runs from white to pink, rose, red, purple, or bi-color versions; flowers bloom singly or in clusters; may self seed in the garden, aggressively in warm climates

Ornamental Features

Garden Balsam is bathed in stunning white cup-shaped flowers along the stems from mid spring to mid fall. Its pointy leaves remain green in colour throughout the season. The fruit is not ornamentally significant.

Landscape Attributes

Garden Balsam is an open herbaceous annual with an upright spreading habit of growth. Its medium texture blends into the garden, but can always be balanced by a couple of finer or coarser plants for an effective composition.

This plant will require occasional maintenance and upkeep, and should not require much pruning, except when necessary, such as to remove dieback. It has no significant negative characteristics.

Garden Balsam is recommended for the following landscape applications;

  • Mass Planting
  • Border Edging
  • General Garden Use
  • Container Planting
  • Hanging Baskets

Planting & Growing

Garden Balsam will grow to be about 30 inches tall at maturity, with a spread of 18 inches. When grown in masses or used as a bedding plant, individual plants should be spaced approximately 16 inches apart. Its foliage tends to remain dense right to the ground, not requiring facer plants in front. This fast-growing annual will normally live for one full growing season, needing replacement the following year.

This plant does best in full sun to partial shade. It does best in average to evenly moist conditions, but will not tolerate standing water. It is not particular as to soil type or pH. It is highly tolerant of urban pollution and will even thrive in inner city environments. This species is not originally from North America. It can be propagated by cuttings.

Garden Balsam is a fine choice for the garden, but it is also a good selection for planting in outdoor containers and hanging baskets. With its upright habit of growth, it is best suited for use as a 'thriller' in the 'spiller-thriller-filler' container combination; plant it near the center of the pot, surrounded by smaller plants and those that spill over the edges. Note that when growing plants in outdoor containers and baskets, they may require more frequent waterings than they would in the yard or garden.

 
 
Hardiness Zone Plant Height Minimum Sunlight
Characteristics
Massing  Edging  Garden  Container  Basket 
Applications
Flowers 
Ornamental Features